Have you seen how YHWH was declaring His Son in the Law of Moses?
I cannot stress how important it is to see Jesus Christ here.
Like a two edged sword, the Law was given for two reasons.
The first reason was to prophesy of the coming of Jesus.
“All the Prophets and the Law prophesied until John” (the Baptist)-Jesus Mt. 11:13.
The other reason was that it would show us what we are outside of Him.
“The law came in so that the trespass would increase”- Paul, Rom. 5:20.
Good behavior isn’t one of His reasons for the Law.
Did the Law of Moses improve the behavior of Israel?
What were the first two commandments?
“Thou hast no other Gods before Me.”
“Thou dost not make to thyself a graven image.” Ex. 20:3-5 YLT.
What was the first thing God’s people did after this?
They made a graven image.
A golden calf.
The first commandments they received were the first that they broke.
Think about that.
Because they had applied Gods words to themselves, the sin, seizing an opportunity through the commandment, deceived” them and through it killed them, But when the Law is seen to point to the Life that Jesus is then “the commandment is holy and righteous and good,” according to Rom. 7:11-12. Few realize this but the law actually has the same affect on people today.
“The power of sin is the law” 1 Cor. 15:56.
Nevertheless people go on proclaiming external righteousness.
We need to see Jesus in Ex. 20:
The original language here doesn’t actually say don’t do this, don’t do that or “thou shalt not” etc.
Most don’t know this, but there is actually no future tense in Hebrew, (only perfect and imperfect tense, this is more like past and present tenses in English).
ALL of the futurist language you have read in your Old Testament has been added by translators to “help” us understand what they assume God really meant. In the preface of Youngs Literal Translation it says,
“The Hebrew has only two tenses, which, for want of better terms, may be called “Past” and “Present”-Dr. Robert Young.
God purposely chose a people with a language where it was impossible to say “will” or “shall” but only “let there be” what already is.
If the Spirit causes this understanding to get a hold of you it will radically and profoundly change the way you read the Old and New Testament.
Can you see God’s view of Jesus in this?
It shows how the foundation of all of God’s word has always been an expression of an eternal finished work. Even before Jesus came to manifest His eternal Life.
When the Father looked on Israel He did not see many individuals, He only recognized One Son. As it is written,
“So says YHWH, Israel is my Son, even my firstborn.” Ex. 4:22 ELT.
The 10 commandments were always a communication of God’s view of His people in Christ. Jesus is the “You” in these verses.
“You have no other Gods before Me.”
“You do not make to yourself a graven image.”
“You do not take up the name of YHWH your God in vain….”
“You do not murder.
You do not commit adultery.
`You do not steal.
`You do not answer against your neighbor a false testimony.”
The “ten words” are not Commandments for you to keep. Because He didn’t even say “don’t do this or that” because in God wasn’t even addressing man. He was speaking to One Son that fills His View. The Law was spoken out from His knowing of the Son. This was the Gospel, the good news spoken to Israel, even though they did not believe God’s view.
“For, indeed, we have had the Gospel preached to us , even as they also; but the word did not profit those hearing it, not having been mixed with faith in the ones who heard. For we, the ones believing, enter into the rest” Heb. 4:2-3
This is beautiful. The Gospel of grace is right there in the ten words. The Son. The Person of the Gospel. But this invitation was also refused because the words were not mixed with faith; they didn’t perceive this from God’s view. So the words were rejected and broken as a type of how Christ Himself (The Word) would be rejected broken.
The Father never stopped declaring His Son. And after they had applied the ten words to themselves, and failed to live up to His perfection. YHWH wrote a second set of tablets and put them into the heart of a tabernacle that was just a pattern or parable of the New Covenant in you. This time the stone tablets came with a glorious shining face. But they refused Him again, putting a veil over that face. They could not live in the land because of their lack of vision, faith.
In view of Him, this passage is also so clear.
“Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.
And we all, with unveiled face, beholding the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image out from the glory [of the first] to the glory [of the Second] For this comes from the Lord who is the Spirit.” 2 Cor. 3:17-18 ELT.
There is an incredible rest in seeing His unveiled face. It is to see with His eyes. In seeing Jesus we are brought out from the glory of the first covenant and into the glory of the Second. It is Christ in you, the glory that Israel had hoped for.
Commandments weren’t even what God was trying give them.
They were being called into relationship.
They were being drawn to know and observe YHWH Himself.
But because of fear they rejected this relationship at the foot of Mountian.
“At the sounding of the ram’s horn, they shall go up INTO the mountain.” Ex. 19:13 LITV
Most translations make it sound as if there never was any invitation into His presence, but only a rejection of everyone but Moses.
“Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up TO the mount” Ex. 19:12-13 KJV.
But just coming “to” the mountain falls short of what this was really about. The warning to Israel illustrated how there is no relationship with God except in the third day. Only then. Only when the voice sounds long as a trumpet, then was Israel invited to turn “to see the voice” Rev. 1:10-12. The translators of the NRSV, The Schocken Bible, YLT and LITV get it. Thats why in Ex. 19: they describe an invitation to come up “into” the Mountain.
This invitation is fulfilled by the Church coming boldly to the throne of grace in His Son Jesus Christ. Only in Christ. Only in the Life of of The Resurrection. As in,
“After two days He revives us:
in the third day He raises us up,
and we Live in the sight of Him.” Hosea 6:2
We have no access in our own name, righteousness, or strength; no relationship. The ban spoke of how flesh and blood can never inherit the kingdom of God. Everything from, and of, man is rejected. The administration of death was fulfilled in the cross. The New Covenant is the administration of Life. All this testifies of an invitation to Gods people to come to Him in The Person of the Resurrection. But this invitation was refused. So that generation did not come unto Him as He intended. Only Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders would be invited up later in Ex.24:9-10.
Obscure translations aren’t necessary to see how this was an invitation unto Himself.
“When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God UPON this mountain.” Ex. 3:12 KJV
“Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you UNTO MYSELF. Ex. 19:4 KJV
“Take ye therefore good heed unto yourselves; for YE SAW NO manner of similitude on the day that the LORD spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire” Deut. 4:15 KJV
Now this is saying something huge. They were being warned because they didn’t see Him, or even a similarity of Him. That first generation is being told to watch there step because the didn’t come up into relationship of seeing Him on that Day.
“Therefore, diligently guard yourselves, for you saw no form when יהוה :YHWH spoke to you at Ḥorĕḇ out of the midst of the fire” Deut. 4:15 TS
Most commentaries suggest that He purposely didn’t appear to them because He believed they would have just make graven images of Him, but why would he warn them to be careful not make images of a form they didn’t see any form to begin with?
They were being warned because they had refused their only means of transformation. We can only be transformed into His image by beholding His Glory. Only seeing Him by revelation can change you.
“But we all with unveiled face, beholding the glory of the Lord, as in a mirror, are being changed into the same image from glory to glory, as from the Lord, the Spirit.” 2 Cor. 3:18
Because they feared death, they removed themselves nine miles away from the mountain. Then He spoke the ten words.
But this was far was less than His best for them. But even then the Gospel was offered to them even as He was being rejected.
The Father has never failed to clothe His Israel in Jesus Christ.
He has already provided all that He required.
His Love endures forever.